Taman Ayun Temple
Main Gate of the Innermost sanctum.
Taman Ayun Temple is a very beautiful Hindu temple uniquely designed with a distinctive style of Balinese architecture and surrounded by a large of fishpond that looks like floating on the water. This temple is featured by the unique shape of temple building with towering tiers style decorated with Balinese ornaments with high artistic values that gives the sacred for its temple. This temple is well also known as a Royal Mengwi Temple located in Mengwi District, Gadung Regency, about 18 km north of Denpasar City. Its location is easily reached through the main road from Denpasar to Singaraja via Bedugul direction.
The History of Taman Ayun
Based on Lontar Babad Mengwi (Lontar = inscription made from palm leaf, Babad = history), the temple is now called by Taman Ayun temple formerly when it just completed had been purified in year 1634 which is called by Taman Ahyun Temple. The Ahyun’s word is derived from Hyun that means desire, so the Ahyun means desire. Taman Ahyun Temple means a temple that was established in a park (pond with beautiful flower garden) that can fulfill the desire. From that Ahyun word overtime turned into Ayun Word.
In Lontar Dwijendra Tattwa had been described that Danghyang Nirartha (a Hindu Priest spread out the Hinduism in Bali) on his holy journey ever done yoga in a place with a spring surrounded by trees and blooming flowers with flows river just located in east side of his yoga site. The area was later named by 'Taman Sari or Taman Wulakan Temple', meanwhile the surrounding area is called by Mangapuri. This Mangapuri word has been predicted turn into Mangui and now become Mengwi. Manga or Mango may be derived from 'Mangu' that means think/thoughtful or meditation. From those reason, Mangupuri is means that a good place for yoga or contemplation.
The History of Taman Ayun Based on Archeology Data
Taman Ayun Temple history can be known from the archeology data existing in this temple and the data from Lontar Babad Mengwi.
Function of Taman Ayun Temple
Taman Ayun Temple Function can be determined from the content of Babab Mengwi and the presence of building structure or Pelinggih including it functions especially located in main temple area.