Ubud is a Balinese Village consisted of 13 Banjar and 6 custom villages situated in Ubud District and Gianyar Regency. This village is located 20 km from Denpasar City where this place can be reached within 30 minutes from Gianyar regency. Ubud Village is an art village where many the art works with the high artistic values can be found in the area. It is because of the local people creatively creating the art work in particular of paintings. It is situated in 300 meters above sea level and featured by the cool temperatures that mostly better than the areas in south part of Bali Island. This village has the population about 9.800 people with the pure nature of environments and this area is one of the inspiration sources for the foreigner artist especially from Europe.
In addition to the beautiful nature, Ubud is also as a culture village with rich of masterpiece heritage especially from the famous painter includes I Gusti Nyoman Lempad (1862-1978 ), Anak Agung Gde Sobrat (1919 – 1992 ), I Gusti Made Deblog ( 1910 – 1968 ), and then followed by I Gusti Ketut Kobot, Ida Bagus Made, Dewa Putu Bedil, Ida Bagus Rai etc. the fame of the above painters has given the inspiration to the foreigner painter who stay in Ubud Village.
In the year around 1920, there are two the European painters those are Rudolf Bonnet from Holland and Walter Spies from Germany have inscribed a new history of the painting development in Ubud. Both of the European painters introduced the European esthetic technique in particular about lighting, shadow, perspective and anatomy. The local painters are quickly absorbing the new techniques in accordance with local minds by consistently taking the traditional theme so that it can give the specific identity that is called by Ubud style.
Ubud Village is become famous as a birth of painters because of the cooperation between Tjokorda Gde Agung Sukawati and Rudolf Bonnet to firm the artist organization named by Pita Maha. The people who involve the birth of Pita Maha is Tjokorda Gde Raka Sukawati and I Gusti Nyoman Lempad on 1936. Pita Maha is a gathering organization and a place to discuss the problem and development of painting and also exchange the ideas and introducing their art work.
In the development, based on the initiative of Ida Tjokorda Gde Agung Sukawati and Rudolf Bonnet and also the local painters plan to build a museum. The Ratna Wartha foundation is formed previously given a task to execute the building and manage the museum which is opened by the Ministry of Education and Culture, Mr. Moh.Yamin.
As a tourist destination, Ubud has many interesting tourist attractions for tourists from domestic and foreign countries. The tourist destination can be visited around Ubud includes Puri Saren (Ubud Palace),Traditional Art Market, Ubud Monkey Forest and Painting Museum.